Gregory of Nyssa’s (Relational) Doctrine of Grace as an Ontology of History in Ecumenical Perspective


  • Giulio Maspero Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Italy


Słowa kluczowe:

Gregory of Nyssa, Luther Studies, Tuomo Mannermaa, Theology of History, Ecumenism


The paper shows the relevance of Gregory of Nyssa’s Trinitarian ontology for Ecumenism. In fact, the Cappadocian’s rereading of the relationship between ontology and history makes it possible to combine dynamics and being in his reading of divinization as epektasis. This seems to be relevant from the perspective of Luther studies, as it shows that Tuomo Mannermaa’s interpretation of the Reformer’s thought could be interpreted as relational and not merely dialectical. In the end, it seems that the research on a true theological ontology and the deepening of the theology of history can be useful for a better understanding of Luther’s intention and inspiration in his doctrine on grace.


Apostolopoulos C., Phaedo Christianus: Studien zur Verbindung und Abwägung zwischen dem platonischen Phaidon und dem Dialog Gregors von Nyssa Über die Seele, Frankfurt a. M.–Bern 1986.

Aristotle, Categoriae, in: The Complete Works of Aristotle: The Revised Oxford Translation, One-Volume Digital Edition, ed. J. Barnes, Princeton 2014.

Arius, Letter to Alexander Bishop of Alexandria, in: Athanasius, De synodis, 16, 4, in: Atanasius Werke, II/7, ed. H.-G. Opitz, Berlin 2011.

Batllo X., Ontologie scalaire et polémique trinitaire, Münster 2013.

Conti A., La teoria della relazione nei commentatori neoplatonici delle Categorie di Aristotele, “Rivista Critica di Storia della Filosofia” 38 (1983), pp. 259–283.

Daniélou J., La Colombe et la ténèbre dans la mystique byzantine ancienne, “Eranos Jahrbuch” 23 (1954), pp. 389–418.

Daniélou J., L’être et le temps chez Grégoire de Nisse, Leiden 1970.

Daniélou J., From Glory to Glory: Texts from Gregory of Nyssa’s Mystical Writings, Crestwood 1961.

Daniélou J., Platonisme et théologie mystique, Paris 1944.

Gregory of Nyssa, Contra Eunomium I, ed. W. Jaeger, Leiden 1960 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera I).

Gregory of Nyssa, De Perfectione, ed. W. Jaeger, Leiden 1952 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera VIII/1).

Gregory of Nyssa, De vita Mosis I, ed. H. Musurillo, Leiden 1991 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera VII/1).

Gregory of Nyssa, De vita Mosis II, ed. H. Musurillo, Leiden 1991 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera VII/1).

Gregory of Nyssa, Dialogus de anima et resurrectione, in: S. P. N. Gregorii Episcopi Nysseni Opera quae reperiri potuerunt omnia, tomus tertius, ed. J.-P. Migne, Parisiis 1863 (Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Graeca 46).

Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on the Song of Songs, trans. R.A. Norris, Atlanta 2012.

Gregory of Nyssa, In Canticum canticorum, ed. H. Langerbeck, Leiden 1960 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera VI).

Gregory of Nyssa, In Ecclesiasten homiliae, eds. J. McDonough, P. Alexander, Leiden 1962 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera V).

Gregory of Nyssa, Oratio Cathechetica Magna, ed. E. Mühlenberg, Leiden 1996 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera III/4).

Gregory of Nyssa, Oratio in diem natalem Christi, eds. E. Rhein, F. Mann, F.R. Tesón, H. Polack, Leiden 1996 (Gregorii Nysseni Opera X/2).

Guardini R., Das Ende der Neuzeit, Basel 1950.

Mannermaa T., Doctrine of Justification and Trinitarian Ontology, in: Trinity, Time, and Church. A Response to the Theology of Robert W. Jenson, ed. C. Gunton, Grand Rapids 2000, pp. 139–145.

Maraval P., Cronologia delle opere, in: Gregorio di Nissa. Dizionario, edd. L.F. Mateo Seco, G. Maspero, Roma 2007, pp. 180–190.

Maspero G., Essere e relazione. L’ontologia trinitaria di Gregorio di Nissa, Roma 2013.

Maspero G., L’ontologia trinitaria nei Padri Cappadoci: prospettiva cristologica, in: Trinità in relazione: Percorsi di ontologia trinitaria dai Padri della Chiesa all’Idealismo tedesco, a cura di C. Moreschini, Panzano in Chianti 2015, pp. 69–91.

Maspero G., Patristic Trinitarian Ontology, in: Rethinking Trinitarian Theology: Disputed Questions And Contemporary Issues in Trinitarian Theology, eds. R.J. Wozniak, G. Maspero, London–New York 2012, pp. 211–229.

Maspero G., Relazione e ontologia in Gregorio di Nissa e Agostino, “Scripta Theologica” 47 (2015), pp. 607–641.

Meissner H.M., Rethorik und Teologie: Der Dialog Gregors von Nyssa De anima et resurrectione, Frankfurt a. M. 1991.

Moutsoulas E., Γρηγόριος Νύσσης, Βίος, Συγράμματα, Διδασκαλία, Athens 1997.

Mühlenberg E., Die Unendlichkeit Gottes bei Gregor von Nyssa. Gregors Kritik am Gottesbegriff der klassischen Metaphysik, Göttingen 1966.

Pellegrino M., Il platonismo di S. Gregorio Nisseno nel dialogo “Intorno all’anima e alla risurrezione”, “Rivista di Filosofia Neo-scolastica” 30 (1938), pp. 437–474.

Saarinen R., Martin Luther and Relational Thinking, in: Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther, ed. P. Hinlicky, Oxford 2017, pp. 250–263.

Spira A., Le temps d’un homme selon Aristote et Grégoire de Nyssa, in: Colloques internationaux du CNRS, Paris 1984, pp. 283–294

Vigorelli I., Desiderio e beatitudine: schesis nell’In Canticum canticorum di Gregorio di Nissa, “Annales Theologici” 28 (2014), pp. 277–300.