Effects of Centrality of Religiosity and Dyadic Coping on Psychological Well-Being of Married Couples who Postpone Parenthood




Słowa kluczowe:

centrality of religiosity, delaying parenthood, dyadic coping, marriage, relationship, well-being


Religiosity and dyadic coping are among the factors important for the quality of marriage, satisfaction with the relationship and the sense of happiness of the spouses. Well-being, mainly in the aspect of personal development or life goals, seems to be particularly important for couples planning to conceive a child in the near or distant future. The study involved 51 married couples postponing parenthood. Their dyadic coping, psychological well-being and the centrality of religiosity were studied. The actor-partner interdependence model was used for the dyadic analyses. There were no differences in the well-being between the spouses, however, women rated in dyadic coping and religiosity higher. The centrality of the spouses’ religiosity, and especially the congruence of their religious beliefs, seems to have a significant impact on their well-being. The obtained results seem to shed new light on the importance of dyadic coping by spouses and their religiosity for the well-being of each of them.


Allgood S.M., Harris S., Skogrand L., Lee T.R., Marital Commitment and Religiosity in a Religiously Homogenous Population,,,Marriage & Family Review” 45/1 (2008), pp. 52–67, https://doi.org/10.1080/01494920802537472.

Aman J., Abbas J., Nurunnabi M., Bano S., Relationship of Religiosity and Marital Satisfaction: The Role of Religious Commitment and Practices on Marital Satisfaction Among Pakistani Respondents,,,Behavioral Sciences” 9/3 (2019), p. 30, https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9030030.

Austin J.L., The Protective Roles of Spirituality, Supportive and Common Dyadic Coping Among Latino Immigrant Couples in the US, Falls Church 2011, US: Virginia State University.

Bodenmann G., Dyadisches Coping Inventar: Testmanual [Dyadic Coping Inventory: Test Manual], Bern 2008, Switzerland: Huber.

Burr W.R., Marks L.D., and Randal D. Day, Sacred Matters, New York 2012, US: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203641323.

Czyżowska D., Gurba E., Białek A., Preferencje w zakresie wartości i poziom centralności religijności singli i młodych dorosłych żyjących w związkach [Value preferences and the level of centrality of religiosity of singles and young adults living in relationships],,,Polskie Forum Psychologiczne” 22 (2017), https://doi.org/10.14656/PFP20170403.

Czyżowska D., Gurba E., Czyżowska N., Kalus A., Intimate Relationship and Its Significance for Eudaimonic Well-Being in Young Adults,,,Health Psychology Report” 8/2 (2020), pp. 155–66, https://doi.org/10.5114/hpr.2020.93768.

Delbaere I., Verbiest S., Tydén T., Knowledge about the Impact of Age on Fertility: A Brief Review,,,Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences” 125/2 (2020), pp. 167–74, https://doi.org/10.1080/03009734.2019.1707913.

Dollahite D., Marks L., Babcock K., Barrow B., Rose A., Beyond Religious Rigidities: Religious Firmness and Religious Flexibility as Complementary Loyalties in Faith Transmission,,,Religions” 10/2 (2019), pp. 111, https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10020111.

Ebert T., Gebauer J.E., Jildou, Talman R., Rentfrow P.J., Religious People Only Live Longer in Religious Cultural Contexts: A Gravestone Analysis,,,Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” 119/1 (2020), pp. 1–6, https://doi.org/10.1037/pspa0000187.

Elżanowska H., Międzypokoleniowa Transmisja Wartości w Rodzinie [Intergenerational Transmission of Values in the Family],,,Studia z Psychologii” w KUL 18 (2012), pp. 94–114.

Erikson E., Tożsamość a cykl życia [Identity and the life cycle], Poznań 2004, Poland: Zysk I S-Ka.

Falconier M.K., TOGETHER – A Couples’ Program to Improve Communication, Coping, and Financial Management Skills: Development and Initial Pilot-Testing,,,Journal of Marital and Family Therapy” 41/2 (2015), pp. 236–50, https://doi.org/10.1111/jmft.12052.

Gómez-López M., Viejo C., Ortega-Ruiz R., Psychological Well-Being During Adolescence: Stability and Association With Romantic Relationships, “Frontiers in Psychology” 10 (2019), p. 1772, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01772.

Huber S., Huber O.W., The Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS),,,Religions” 3/3 (2012), pp. 710–724, https://doi.org/10.3390/rel3030710.

Kalus A., Szymańska J., Psychological Correlates of Family Assessment by Spouses Who Do Not Take Parental Roles during Early Adulthood,,,Czasopismo Psychologiczne Psychological Journal” 24/3 (2019), https://doi.org/10.14691/CPPJ.24.3.563.

Karaś D., Cieciuch J., Polish Adaptation of Carol Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scales,,,Roczniki Psychologiczne” 20/4 (2019), pp. 837–853.

Kasapoğlu, F., Yabanigül, A., Marital satisfaction and life satisfaction: The mediating effect of spirituality.,,Spiritual Psychology and Counseling”, 3(2) (2018), pp. 177–195. doi: 10.12738/ spc.2018.3.2.0048.

Kenny D. A., Models of Non-Independence in Dyadic Research,,,Journal of Social and Personal Relationships” 13/2 (1996), pp. 279–294, https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407596132007.

Kusner, K.G., Mahoney, A., Pargament, K.I., DeMaris, A. Sanctification of marriage and spiritual intimacy predicting observed marital interactions across the transition to parenthood,,,Journal of Family Psychology”, 28(5) (2014), pp. 604–614.

Manning L., Ferris M., Rosario C.N., Prues M., Bouchard L., Spiritual Resilience: Understanding the Protection and Promotion of Well-Being in the Later Life,,,Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging” 31/2 (2019), pp. 168–186, https://doi.org/10.1080/15528030.2018.1532859.

Marks L.D., Dollahite D.C., Religion and Families: An Introduction, New York 2016, US: Routledge, https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315814599.

McGoldrick M., Carter E.A., Garcia-Preto N., The Expanded Family Life Cycle: Individual, Family, and Social Perspectives, 4th ed. Boston 2011, US: Pearson Allyn

& Bacon.

Pargament K.I., Oman D., Pomerleau J., Mahoney A., Some Contributions of a Psychological Approach to the Study of the Sacred, “Religion” 47/4 (2017), pp. 718–44, https://doi.org/10.1080/0048721X.2017.1333205.

Peri-Rotem N., Religion and Fertility in Western Europe: Trends Across Cohorts in Britain, France and the Netherlands, “European Journal of Population” 32/2 (2016), pp. 231–265, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-015-9371-z.

Ramsay J.E., Tong E.M.W., Chowdhury A., Ho M-H.R., Teleological Explanation and Positive Emotion Serially Mediate the Effect of Religion on Well‐being, “Journal of Personality” 87/3 (June 2019), pp. 676–89, https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12425.

Rostami, A.M., Gol, H.C. Prediction of marital satisfaction based on spiritual intelligence. “Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences” 116 (2014), 2573–2577.

Ryff C.D., Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being, “Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” 57/6 (1989), pp. 1069–1081, https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069.

Śliwak J., Zarzycka B., Zarosińska D., Piaszczak U., Religijność a Komunikacja w Małżeństwie [Religiosity and Communication in Marriage],,,Kultura – Media – Teologia” 30 (2017), pp. 184–209.

Tutelman P.R., Dawson S.J., Schwenck G.C., Rosen N.O., A Longitudinal Examination of Common Dyadic Coping and Sexual Distress in New Parent Couples during the Transition to Parenthood,,,Family Process” 61/1 (2022), pp. 278–293, https://doi.org/10.1111/famp.12661.

Van Scoy, B.K. Length of Marriage, Duration of Faith Commitment, and Religious Coping: Effects on Marital Functioning. A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Psychology Fuller Theological Seminary, (2012).

Villani D., Sorgente A., Iannello P., Antonietti A., The Role of Spirituality and Religiosity in Subjective Well-Being of Individuals With Different Religious Status, “Frontiers in Psychology” 10 (2019), pp. 1525, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01525.

Wendołowska A.M., and Czyżowska D., Centrality of Religiosity and Dyadic Coping in Close Romantic Relationships: Actor Partner Interdependence Model, “Religions” 12/11 (2021), pp. 978, https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12110978.

Wendołowska A.M., Czyżowska D., Bodenmann G., Psychometric Properties and Measurement Invariance of the Polish Version of the Dyadic Coping Inventory, “Current Psychology” 41 (2022), pp. 1159–1173, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-00623-5.

Zarzycka B., Skala Centralności Religijności Stefana Hubera [Stefan Huber’s Centrality of Religiosity Scale], “Roczniki Psychologiczne” 10/1 (2007), pp. 133–157.