Urojenia jako rodzaje naturalne: problem homeostatycznych klastrów własności

Bartosz Janik


The purpose of this article is to analyze the issue of delusions as natural kinds in the context of the problem of scientific basis of psychiatry. In the analysis the author points out that the claim that delusions are a natural kind (perceived rather classically) cannot be maintained and delusions should be analyzed rather as a homeostatic property clusters. This concept is very popular recently in philosophy of psychiatry and will be the subject of analysis of the second part of the article.

Słowa kluczowe

delusions; natural kinds; philosophy of psychiatry; homeostatic property clusters

Pełny tekst:



Bortolotti L., Delusion, [w:] The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2016 Edition), ed. E. N. Zalta, http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2016/entries/delusion/ (8.05.2016).

Bortolotti L., Delusions and other irrational beliefs, Oxford 2010.

Boyd R., Realism, anti­‑foundationalism and the enthusiasm for natural kinds, „Philosophical Studies” 61 (1991) 1, s. 127–148.

Boyd R., What realism implies and what it does not, „Dialectica” 43 (1989) 1–2, s. 5–29.

Corlett P. R. i in., Toward a neurobiology of delusions, „Progress in Neuro­biology” 92 (2010) 3, s. 345–369.

Corlett P. R. i in., Why do delusions persist?, „Frontiers in Human Neuro­science” (2009) 3, s. 12.

Freeman D., Garety P., Comments on the content of persecutory delusions: does the definition need clarification? „British Journal of Clinical Psychology” 39 (2000) 4, s. 407–414.

Haslam N., Kinds of kinds: a conceptual taxonomy of psychiatric categories, „Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology” 9 (2003) 3, 203–217.

Kendler K. S., Toward a limited realism for psychiatric nosology based on the coherence theory of truth, „Psychological Medicine” 45 (2015) 6, s. 1115–1118.

Knowles, J. Is folk psychology different?, „Erkenntnis” 57 (2002) 2, s. 199–230.

Miller A., Realism, [w:] The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2014 Edition), ed. E. N. Zalta http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2014/entries/realism/ (8.05.2016).

Samuels R., Delusion as a natural kind, [w:] Psychiatry as cognitive neuro­science: philosophical perspectives, eds. M. Broome, L. Bortolotti, New York 2009, s. 49–79.

Spitzer M., On defining delusions, „Comprehensive Psychiatry” 31 (1990) 5, s. 377–397.

Zachar P., Psychiatric disorders are not natural kinds, „Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology” 7 (2000) 3, s. 167–182.

Copyright (c) 2016 Bartosz Janik